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Paperback, 32 pages, 16.5 x 21 cm + poster
Italian, English, Paperback, 32 pages, 16.5 x 21 cm + poster, 2015.
Roma 20-25. Dwelling Borghesiana
Quadrant 18 is an area outside the ring road and lies between Via Tiburtina and the Rome-Naples motorway; the territory has a pretty residential character, and it is largely made up of a sprawling fabric of illegal houses. Both the vastness of those settlements – mainly located between Via Casilina and Via Prenestina – and their temporal stratification show how this kind of urbanisation represents one of the most solid and compelling matrices of the Roman metropolis, thanks to its ability to overlook the conventional supply of public and productive facilities. In this sense, the ensuing crossbreeding between the palazzina and the villino – two typologies arising from the reduction of the classical models of the palazzo and the villa – is merely the response to a more general and universal condition, in which individual dwellings are also called upon to play a political and productive role in the city. With this in mind, the project focuses on a 500×500 metre area in Valle Borghesiana, filling some unbuilt lots with thirty examples of 20th-century villas: a catalogue of canonical modern buildings, from Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye to Robert Venturi’s Vanna House, from Peter Eisenman’s House XI to Rem Koolhaas’s Villa Dall’Ava. By contrast to the Valle Borghesiana houses, the new buildings all face outwards, showing how the house project cannot but turn into a street project, being the fundamental matrix of every urban dimension. Densifying all the 18th-quadrant areas that today still lack collective facilities and infrastructures, the project aims to radicalise town-planning provisions, defining a catalogue of possible relationships between the private space of the house and the public domain of the street. Therefore, the thirty new villas erected in the Valle Borghesiana case study not only focus on the interior dwelling space, but project towards the city, showing how architecture is a recyclable, collective and essentially urban device.
Teresa Piardi (Maxwell studio)